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Dec 13 2022

Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State

While the rest of the world lights up with fireworks to welcome the New Year, the Czech Republic has a different holiday in mind during 1 January. It's on this date that they commemorate the country's independence, calling it the Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State.

Czechoslovakia had emerged as a sovereign state at the end of World War 1 in 1918. It was briefly split during World War 2, before coming under Soviet rule in 1948. In 1968, it became a federation consisting of the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic.

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Communist rule in Czechoslovakia was brought to an end in 1989 as a result of the Velvet Revolution.

Following negotiations between the Slovak and Czech leaders, the way was paved for the disbanding of the federation. In November 1992, the federal parliament of Czechoslovakia voted to dissolve the country on December 31st 1992.

The Slovak Republic and the Czech Republic officially became separate countries on January 1st 1993. This event has been dubbed the Velvet Divorce, but an amicable one, with the Czech Republic remaining a close partner with Slovakia.

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Along with the fireworks for the New Year, the Czech wave the national flags on the streets of Prague, the nation's capital, and in other major cities to celebrate this special day.

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